Making of Neue Nationalgalerie in the Rain

December 14, 2012 |  by  |  Making-Of, Native, Tutorials

The Neue Nationalgalerie has become a great case study lately, seeing artists testing personal skills based on it. Such is the work by Romuald Chaigneau, a newcomer to the forum, who took the NNG for a spin in the rain. Seeing his original raw render makes his postwork on this really shine, and I was very interested in seeing his process and for him to share it with us all here. It reminds me of the work Christopher Malheiros did with his NNG at Night, and it is very interesting to see how both took the bare model to final result using a similar approach. Enjoy this short breakdown, and let us know what you think!

romualdchaigneau Making of Neue Nationalgalerie in the Rain

Author : Romuald Chaigneau

Romuald is a freelance 3d artist based in France. He usually uses 3ds Max, VRay, ZBrush and Photoshop for creating his images.


I wanted to, for some time, create an image with a lot of rain and a stormy weather in it. I had never done this before, and I wanted to start this personal challenge. After seeing the The Museum competition featuring the Neue Nationalgalerie that Ronen was hosting, I thought that this museum could be a good test case and a good exercise.

During this making of, I’ll try to explain the process I followed to make this image.

Thank you all for reading.

Starting with the result in mind…

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3d Modeling

Modeling is really simple. For each object, I started with a box, and I played with the Edit Poly modifier. Around the scene, I placed some buildings and trees to create reflections on my ground.

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I added some puddles with a plane and some modifiers.

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The Camera

I used a VRay Physical Camera for this project. Note that I work with gamma 2.2.

I changed some parameters such as the f-number, shutter speed and ISO. Also, I lowered the vignetting because I prefer to create it in Photoshop instead… Not having it burned into the render output.

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Exterior Lighting

I started to illuminate my outdoors scene with an HDRI. I prefer to work the lighting before starting any texturing. Get the light balance right first. I created my HDRI with a VRay Light Dome, where I put a VRayHDRI in the texture slot. I can then work with it, in the material editor.

Also, I put a light gray material in the override slot to give this color for all my objects, except windows. It is a habit that I developed over time…

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Nothing difficult for texturing. I used a lot of maps from CGTextures. I happened to make some small adjustments in Photoshop, for example to the contrast of maps.

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Interior Lighting

For the interior of the gallery, I added two types of VRay Plane Lights.

The first is a high intensity to light the insides, but I disabled “affect specular” and “affect reflections” because the reflection was too intense on the ground.

The second is of low intensity, but I left all options activated to simulate the reflections on my ground.

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Now, it’s time to render that. Here are the settings I used.

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Before running the render, I also disabled the visibility of trees and buildings. These are used only for the reflections on the ground. My render is in 5000px X 2170px. LARGE, I know icon wink Making of Neue Nationalgalerie in the Rain

This one here is a smaller version of it…

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Post Production with Photoshop

I started retouching some elements, including the ground, the wall, puddles and stairs. I work a lot with layers “brightness contrast” to give more contrast to objects.

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In addition, I add some texture such as the dirt on the wall, or droplets on the ground.

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After that, I worked on the background.

For the sky, I used two maps. I also placed some buildings and trees that I found on the net. And finally, I created an atmosphere. For this, I used a layer with the cloud filter. I added contrast and a blue tint.

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Next, I added an ambient occlusion pass that I calculated before. I put some characters on the outside and inside the museum. And I added reflections on the windows. To do this, I placed some buildings and trees in “soft light”, and played with the opacity.

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I realized the rain with a fiber layer. Then I played with motion blur and opacity. I created several layers. Two for the general rain, and two for the rain falling on the edges of objects.

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Next, I decided to put leafs to enhance the intensity of the wind. Back in the 3d scene.

I modeled a leaf, and I used the 3dsmax built in particle flow tool to simulate a multitude of leafs in the wind. So I placed a gravity, wind source, and a deflector to simulate the collision with the ground. And I played with some parameters, such as the rotation of leafs before and after the collision, or the wind parameters.

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After that, I made ??an orange light in the center of the image. For this, I used several orange photo filter and orange layers in “screen” mode. And a curve to enhance the intensity.

Then I made a folder where I place my final filters that give the right colors that I want for my image. In general, I use the color balance very slightly. I added a blue photo filter on the edges because I wanted to make a contrast of orange / blue with the center / edge of the image. Also, I slightly desaturated it.

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After that, I added back the vignetting. It is composed of a black vignetting in “normal” mode and a blue vignetting in “color” mode, always for the contrast of orange / blue I aimed for.

Finally I duplicated and merged all layers, to put a slight accent. I finally finished with a glow layer to accentuate the intensity of parts of white color.

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Final image once more…

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I hope that you enjoyed this short tutorial…

Also, I’m aware that I’m a beginner. So if you have any constructive comments, constructive criticism, which will progress me and advance me, I’ll be really delighted to read them.

Thank you all,

Cheers, Romuald.


Oh! It's really awesome, I really liked the rendering and the lighting, you are not a beginner, trust me.


Hello Romuald, I wouldlike to add a bit of my opinion here if I can.  It is a good work and it is visible, that you  put lot of effort andn knowledge into it. However lots of your hard work diminished at the moment when you added colour to the interior. Colour scenario works well, good old complementary contrast of cold vs.warm / yellow  But the way how the colour/ light was added made image very flat. Don't get me wrong, it is a good colour choice for your image, but you could add it a bit more subtle way. You have nice one point perspective going on which is nicely visible on the structure of the roof, so almost same value yellow across whole interior actually plays it down, which in my opinion doesn't help. Also rain puts it down a bit, makes that ''flat'' appearance a bit more prominent. But all in all it is a good result and I do like your photoshop approach. ah.


Very nice image, love the atmosphere and I have only one  question, wouldn't it be easier to add leafs in photoshop instead of modeling them in max? What advantages it brings?


Super nice work ! Felicitations!


Thank you guys ! I'm glad you like it ;)

And thank you Ronen :)


Really nice work. Love the images in the rain, they have a beautiful effect. :D


Really cool!I like the final result and the handmade pencil effect.

Bravo ! Vraiment très chouette !!


love this kind of work. Can't wait to see more!


@AdamHotovy Hi Adam. Thank you very much for your constructive comment. These are things that make progress me, and I thank you.If I understand correctly, I should not use the same warm color, but a warm color gradient, for example ?For the rain, I also agree with you. Do you have a method to realize the rain without losing depth of the image ?


@rackovalentin Thank you rackovalentin :) You are right. I could do this in photoshop. But I wanted to put leafs randomly. I think it is more difficult to do this in photoshop. That is why I chose the Pflow tool. But I have no doubt that photoshop is a good solution too ;)

ronenbekerman moderator

@rackovalentin Good point! I guess since this is mostly a Post Production style work, Romuald could have went with photoshop on that too. I guess it is a personal practice of this method.

What say you @RomualdChaigneau ?


@RomualdChaigneau @AdamHotovy Train is tricky, I did a few sketches with rain before and the way how I sorted that out, was that I made multiple plane layers with rain. With each plane further from the camera I had smaller drops and they were a bit darker.  Then I masked out some bits from each layer in photoshop. There are multiple ways how to colour your images. Colour filter could be good, but I usually prefer to paint light in Photoshop with brushes and experiment a bit with blending modes of these layers (soft light / overlay, vivid / dodge could work very well ) - they will add also bit of unexpected effect / randomnes than usual photo filter. Also you have to pay attention to mask out the bits which receives that orange glow. That orange glow is going from inside to outside, so for example window frames facing the camera shouldn't have that orange glow effect that prominent. You should mask it out a bit from those polygons facing the camera. That would signigicantly help your image


@AdamHotovy @RomualdChaigneau Really good method for the rain. I never thought of that. Make several layers deep.

For light, I'll try to work with brushes rather than photo filters now. I'll do a test on this picture to see the result :)

Thank you very much for your valuable help :)

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