Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

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February 11, 2013 |  by  |  Making-Of, Native, Tutorials

Romie Valentino’s White / Pink Apartment Interior awarded him as one of the week’s best back in September 2012, and today he comes back, sharing with us a little bit of the behind the scenes. Romie didn’t only do the 3d here, but also responsible for the interior design of the apartment. Enjoy this one and let us know what you think by commenting below.

Romi3dart Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

Author : Romie Valentino

Romie Valentino is an Indonesian based 3d specialist, creating visualization for architects and interior designers. He’s currently looking for a full-time 3d job placement overseas.

Introduction

Hi everybody,

I’m very glad to share a bit of my 3d work here, on Ronen’s blog, and hopefully it will help and be an inspiration to you all.

This article describes key points in making of an apartment interior design project in Canada. I’ll cover approach to making materials and settings, specifically focusing on the specular channel of the material, as well as image composition and Photoshop techniques used during the post-production process.

Workflow Baseline

I always keep a few things similar at the get go of each project as that helps me keep things in order and allows me to focus on the main concept and specific design.

  1. I start with an in depth interview with the client to fully understand their needs.
  2. Run a fast initial concept check with the client to see we are on the same page before the real 3d stuff starts.
  3. Full production of 3d visualizations.
I’m not so sure all of us 3d artists keep to such rules in a strict way. I can tell you this saves me a lot of time, headaches and allows for a better outcome on the finish-line.

Below is the mood-board / inspiration collage that I had to go with initially…

making of interior apartement inspiration image 528x424 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

The client’s goal was to convey a soft space combined with artwork, but not to much of it. My challenge was making this a clean look space with dominant white and pink colors without coming off too girly and/or boring. Adding a bit of black and purple as contrasts did the job of keeping things in check!

I was deeply inspired by the works of Samantha Pynn while working on this project, specifically from Ryan’s condo images. It had a lot of similarities to the project at hand and my ideas for it. After I finished with the interview and chat with the clients (skiping the fast check part for this article), its was time to bring to life to 3d visuals.

Units in check…

Unit setup is no small matter. Because i’m in south-east Asia and my friend is in France intending a move to Canada. I had to decide on the units and keep them constant during the process so all thing are proportional and in real-life size to allow for physically correct renderings. I worked in CM.

making of interior apartement unit setup 528x446 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

Linear WorkFlow (Yes… Again!)

I use the LWF method for my renderings. Much has been said about this and no once could make Linear Workflow simpler to understand than Matt Gorner.

So enough about it after this pic…

making of interior apartement LWF settings 528x477 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

3D Modeling

In this project I modeled the basic walls directly within 3dsmax without CAD reference as I normally would. Starting with a line, than extruding it – adding chamfers where needed and using Booleans to cut holes (despite being a less recommended method of modeling in arch-viz).

making of interior apartement Bassic modeling wall 528x260 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

After the base was done, I went on with modeling specific interior accessories.

making of interior apartement Manual models 528x381 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

For the floor modeling I use the popular FloorGenerator script, which made this process easy to control and fun too. You best refer to Bertrand Benoit’s article about Using the FloorGenerator Script in 3dsmax.

making of interior apartement Bassic preparation floogGen 528x249 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

I also went in and added some externally made 3d models sourced from Evermotion’s Archmodel collection 64 – Oriental Gadgets.

making of interior apartement orientalGadged 528x328 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

I used Marvelous Designer to do the cloth on the chair. Adding that bit more of “Life’s dirt” to the image and overall realistic look. See Ramon Zancanaro’s in-depth article for more about 3d cloth modeling Marvelous Designer.

making of interior apartement cloth modf 528x277 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

Lighting

Nothing very special about it really icon wink Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

The apartment is averagely spaced with higher than usual ceilings, which could account for a sense of emptiness at the top. For that reason I used a few hanging lamps and simple lighting from the front. I’ve also added VRay Light Spheres differently setup for a bit of lighting variation in the scene.

No V-Ray Sun here… No V-Ray Dome Light here too!

making of interior apartement VraylightSphere 528x260 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

Viewpoints and Cameras

This part I spent considerable time on, exploring the various option to show the space. You can get lost in technical 3d stuff and forget about the most important thing in the end – Show it correctly in terms on conveying the sense of space!

I used VRay Physical Cameras here.

making of interior apartement Psyccamera1 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

Materials

Let’s run down a few materials used in this scene with screen shots…

parquet

making of interior apartement woodfloor material1 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

making of interior apartement woodfloor materialnod 528x524 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

white material on long cabinet

making of interior apartement Long cabinet material1 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

making of interior apartement Long cabinet materialmod1 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

“A” letter rustic sign

making of interior apartement A signLetterrustic material1 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

making of interior apartement A sign rrustic materialnode 528x417 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

Texturing

I usually unwrap using pelt to pelt mapping or simple box mapping… depends on the object really. This is a time-consuming process, but one that has big benefits once done.

if you wanna know more about it visit this UVW Unwrap tutorial.

making of interior apartement unwarping 528x287 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

After I Unwarped the chair model, I edited and textured it within Photoshop. I made sure the texture looks seamless by stamp cloning and tweaking it a lot until I got the result I liked.

Most importantly – YOU NEED BIG TEXTURES TO START WITH! I usually start with 2000px but can go all the way to 8000px. I found great textures over at CGTextures. All I needed was adjust the color to purple in Photoshop.

To make a specular version of the map, just convert your diffuse map to black and white. Play with levels and curves to add more contrast and really define those areas you like to be specular the most.

Specular is actually reflection of the surface.

See the images below for the before and after state of the chair…

no specular map(diffuse map only)

making of interior apartement no specularmp 528x429 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

Above I used no specular map, just the diffuse map. Below, adding a specular map make the materials look like the leather it is. You can see how the B&W version of the diffuse looks after the edit and the effect it has on the material final look.

making of interior apartement with specularmp 528x429 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

Many people asked me about how I made the leather material on the big ‘A’ letter I placed in the scene. Well… normally when I use an old texture, I always refer to old furniture stores, or find some stuff in a junkyard in my neighborhood Not all things are online you know.

Think about seeing it and feeling the texture in real-life? You will find you better understand it, and thus better at implementing it.

Rendering

Here are the render settings. I like to use adaptive amount of noise 0.07 and 0.001 for noise threshold to reduce overall noise in my renders.

making of interior apartement rendersetting 528x188 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

I also add a bit of render elements for help during the postwork process. Not going all crazy with this one.

making of interior apartement render element Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

Post Production

Probably my favorite part of the process – where all of it comes together!

This is my first render result (raw render).

making of interior apartement 1stRaw render 528x434 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

Then I went in Photoshop and adjusted the gamma.

making of interior apartement adjust gamma 528x285 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

I stacked all the render elements inside Photoshop using relevant blend modes such as overlay or soft lights layers.

making of interior apartement composting  all render element1 528x286 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

To answer the questions about using the “blue fog”.

It’s not a fog, just a simple new layer, cropped as a circle, with blue color adjusted to soft light and blurred. A bit more tweaks with opacity – and that was it!

making of interior apartement Fake Fog effect 528x285 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

I use Magic Bullet stand alone software, and not in after effects. I adjust mood, lift the gamma, and brighten some spots.

making of interior apartement MagicBulletworkflow 528x285 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

Then I move to After effects to “play” with DOF (Depth of Field blur). I love doing this in AE because if gives me more control over it. I use Frischluft plugin, and that was a fun process.

making of interior apartement After effect Dof 528x286 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

Lastly, I used Knol Light Factory to add some lamp blurs.

making of interior apartement knollight add 528x543 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

I guess this is it for this one!

I hope that this inspired you in some way… especially newbies. I’m learned 3d on my own from scratch. Following the footsteps of those before me. I hope I can play that role now for you.

Be hungry – Get Better!

Final images below…

v5final 528x543 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

v1final 528x562 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

v3final 528x545 Making of Apartment Interior by Romi3D

11 comments
a71e
a71e

Luar biasa om...menyimak...

todorovicdesign
todorovicdesign

I am an industrial designer, also doing Interior design and full 3d viz. It's quite nice to be able to balance between these.

Thanks for the tut. 

anwar522
anwar522

Wow. Really a good Making of :). Thanks for it.

The only thing k get scared of is the unwrapping preety confusin and time consuming :(

ronenbekerman
ronenbekerman moderator

Anyone else following this blog is doing both design and full 3d viz?

Rhaniel Carvalle
Rhaniel Carvalle

This is amazing, I'm in love with these bonsai ArchGC. Very inspiring.[Isso é incrivel, eu sou apaixonado por esses bonsais da ArchGC. Muito inspirador.]

romi3d
romi3d

@anwar522  yes bro,it took alot time,it make me sleep until 3AM to make unwarp and done it :(

romi3d
romi3d

@Victor Bonafonte Morales yes thnx my friend ..you too..

Massimiliano Menegale
Massimiliano Menegale

@ronenbekerman  yes I do from time to time, I have one client who lets me come up with the interior design most of the time... He then cuts it here and there to suit his needs... Sadly, he never gives me the right amount of time to do it, so most of the times it's a matter of finding a very quick arrangement of furniture

romi3d
romi3d

@Rhaniel Carvalle hi rhaniel,thnx for comment :D..

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